Conor, New Years Day, Revelstoke, BC, 2017. Taken by brother Braden.
Folks new to the blog may not be familiar with my hypothesis that many addiction problems are likely caused by empathy disruption and lack of connection in people’s lives. I wrote a couple of posts on the issue about the famous Rat Park experiments. They showed that rats in isolated cages would drink cocaine-laced water until they died. But when put in kind of a Rat Happy-Land, with other rats, and rat babies, the rats would not even come close to the narcotics. Bruce Alexander, who ran the original experiments, remains a hero to me because of his courage to buck the v-Meme trend and realize that empathetic context matters. When a brain/neurosystem feels isolated, there is no greater pain, and it’s well documented that people waste away quickly in solitary confinement.
Empathetic cut-offs from trauma and/or loss deliver the same type of punishment. It’s no wonder then that people will seek to self-medicate, if for whatever reason their brains can’t connect to others. One can see how this plays directly into understanding how trauma actually hurts your brain, and how that trauma then, if unprocessed, creates the empathetic inability to connect to others, which then leads to addiction.
A piece recently came across my Medium feed called A Sober Utopia, which delivers further reinforcement for my theory. It’s a lovely piece, written about a facility out east of Pueblo, CO, in the desolate country on the edge of sight of the Front Range. The facility, Ft. Lyon, has a long, tragic history of its own — it was the staging ground for the notorious Sand Creek Massacre, and later was turned into a neuropsychiatric hospital before being shuttered and reborn by the Colorado Legislature as a rehab facility for severe homeless drug addicts.
What makes Ft. Lyon different is its emphasis on self agency and developing avenues for meaning in the people that are treated. Focused first around the arts and crafts, people at Ft. Lyon make things. My experience with students has always been that making things is one of the best avenues for demonstrating performance and mastery, which leads to self empathy. You need to have things you’ve made that show not just to the world that you are a person of value. The act of creation demonstrates to yourself that you are — and that if you want to heal the empathetic disconnect with others that is causing you great pain, the first person you have to connect with is yourself.
“Person-centric, not program-centric,” is how the Director of the facility, James Ginsburg describes it in the article. For my fellow psychonauts, there could be no better statement that re-emphasizes is the self-similar characteristics of a place with its goals and social structure on the right track. When one talks about a certain vibe saturating a given place, that’s what that means.
Another classic anecdote sums up this perspective exactly — one that we might think about applying far more broadly in education. From the same piece:
Ginsburg mentioned a man who came to him with a plan to build kaleidoscopes as part of his recovery. “There’s this tendency with social service programming to go, ‘No, we don’t build kaleidoscopes, that’s not what we do here,’” he said. “Well, of course not! No one builds kaleidoscopes — no one has a kaleidoscope policy.” Instead, the staff at Fort Lyon found a way to get the man the materials he needed to build kaleidoscopes. “That guy was totally out of it when he got here,” Ginsburg said, “and he has blossomed.” His kaleidoscopes are now displayed around campus and for sale at the store.
There’s so much goodness about empathetic timescales, recovery from trauma, and all sorts of neurogenic insight that I could go on and on. But hey — even if you’re not into all the subject this blog is about, the piece is a great read for a snowy winter evening. Go get you some.
4 thoughts on “Quickie Post –A Sober Utopia”
With respect to addiction, clearly the empathy connection theory is legit. Anyone who has come out of the grips of “auto pilot” and managed to specifically choose behaviors denying the satisfaction of a harmful impulse would likely agree.
By chance I discovered this article at the link below. It is a bit far from the social norms but interesting in the way it connects to the empathy guru theory.
Is sugar the world’s most popular drug?
– the guardian
It seems to me “comfort food” is addicting in the same way.
With respect to empathetic connection which appears to have a direct correlation to dopamine levels, it is theoretically possible to be addicted to meaningful empathy based relationships.
The challenge appears to be: Which of the many things to be addicted to is best for a sustainable ever increasing benefit? Additionally a good method to minimize the down side of always wanting more is needed.
Empathetic connection looks like a good solution although it can be difficult to boot strap into existence. Especially when the hardware is damaged.
The brain is set up to receive dopamine, and how that is produced is keyed, at some level, to empathy. But it is organic in the brain as well, and so it’s not surprising the brain would find other ways to produce it if connection wasn’t available.
“Empathetic cut-offs from trauma and/or loss deliver the same type of punishment. It’s no wonder then that people will seek to self-medicate, if for whatever reason their brains can’t connect to others. One can see how this plays directly into understanding how trauma actually hurts your brain, and how that trauma then, if unprocessed, creates the empathetic inability to connect to others, which then leads to addiction.”
Here is something you probably already know. Low-level trauma that is continuous or regularly repeated can be more damaging than a single event of high-level trauma. We live in such a society where trauma is pervasive and hence overwhelming, never allowing the opportunity for healing for much of the population.
This relates to the stresses of high inequality, specifically as discussed by Keith Payne in The Broken Ladder but also by Kate Pickett and Richard Wilkinson in the Spirit Level. Have you written about inequality? There is nothing that creates division and disconnection like it on a mass-scale. It is the ultimate force of anti-empathy.
Related to this, some data indicates that diversity only decreases social trust when combined with segregation.
https:// benjamindavidsteele. wordpress. com/2017/10/29/what-kind-of-diversity/
Segregation, often racial and economic, typically means geographic inequality. There are many ways that inequality becomes structured and institutionalized within society. This is how trauma plays a key role in the enforcement of social order, not merely a side effect. It’s built into the system that isolated individuals in isolated places turn to addiction and that the system reinforces this through a war on drugs.
There was some other point I was going to make. But I forget what it was. Oh well. Maybe I’ll remember it later or not.
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